Internet of things (IoT) – Smart homes, smart cars, smart retail, smart farming, smart cities

The internet of things (IoT) as you hear it is really an internet of also all things. It is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are connected to the internet and have the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring any human interaction.

internet of things
Internet of things

Before (IOT), Internet access was limited to devices that are for human interaction. Like desktops, tablets and smart phones but now, different devices can be connected to the internet. It can be a person with a heart monitor implant, a fridge, AC, a bulb all connected to a smart phone app, a farm animal with a biochip transponder, an automobile that has built-in sensors to alert the driver when tire pressure is low and others.

How does Internet of things (IoT) really work

An IoT ecosystem consists of smart devices that support the web and use embedded systems, such as processors, sensors and communication hardware, to collect, send and act on data they acquire from where they are.

IoT devices share the data they collect by connecting to an IoT gateway or other edge devices where data is either sent to the cloud to be analyzed or analyzed locally. Sometimes, these devices communicate with other related devices and act on the information they get from one another. The devices do most of the work without interventions from humans. However humans interact with these devices when configuring them and giving them instructions or accessing their data.

IoT take advantage of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning in the collecting of data processes hence becoming more easy and dynamic.

With IoT, you can know the status and condition of your devices and their environments and giving you the ability to control them and get the best of them.

Applications of IoT

An example of Internet of things in action at a smart home.

In the morning, the IoT system triggers the alarm at the set time. Then it automates the opening of the windows at the instant. Then it triggers the coffee pad and the water heater so that you find it all ready.

The internet of things enable people live and work smarter, and also gaining complete control over their lives. In addition to smart devices that automate homes and turn them into smart homes, IoT is also essential to business. It provides businesses with a realist view of their business systems that is always up to date. Plus delivering insights into everything from the performance of machines to supply chain and logistics operations.

IoT enables companies to automate processes and reduce labor costs. It also cuts down on waste and improves service delivery, making it less expensive to manufacture and deliver goods, as well as offering transparency into customer transactions.

Another example of IoT simplifying work is in agriculture. Sensors can collect data on rainfall, humidity, temperature and soil content, as well as other factors, that would help automate farming techniques.


IoT is becoming one of the most important technologies today. It is estimated that over 80 billions IoT devices will be in use worldwide by 2025. This is because it touches every industry, including businesses within healthcare, finance, retail, farming and manufacturing. It would be a good idea for you to get interest into it early.

The vision of IoT is to connect all devices and all environments with the power of the internet.

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